Part of speech: indefinite pronoun
someone, anyone; something, anything; some, certain (is declined as a str a)
[← Prot-Germ *sumaz; OE sum (Mod E some); O Fris sum; O Sax sum; OHG sum; O Icel sumr (Mod Icel sumur) ← Indo-Europ *sem-; cf Sanskr samá- “similar; same”; Avest hama- “every”; Anc Gr ἅμα “together”; Lat semper “always”; O Slav самъ “himself; (the) same” (Russ сам; самый)]
sums - Nom, sing, masc - Mrk. XIV, 43; XIV, 47; XIV, 51; Luk. VII, 36; VIII, 27; VIII, 46; VIII, 49; IX, 8; IX, 19; IX, 57 etc
sumis - Gen, sing, masc - Luk. VII, 2
sum - Nom, Acc, sing, neut - Mrk. IV, 4; IV, 7; IV, 8; Luk. VIII, 5; VIII, 7; Rom. IX, 21; Cor. II, II, 5
sumata - Acc, sing, neut - Rom. XI, 25; Cor. II, I, 14
sumamma - Dat, sing, masc - Luk. VII, 41; XV, 15; XX, 1
sumana - Acc, sing, masc - Mrk. IX, 38; XV, 21; Luk. IX, 49; XV, 26
sumai - Dat, sing, fem; Nom, pl, masc - Matth. IX, 3; XXVII, 47; Mrk. II, 6; VII, 1; VIII, 3; IX, 1; XI, 5; XI, 8; XII, 13; XIV, 57; XIV, 65 etc
suma - Nom, Acc, sing, fem - Mrk. V, 25; Luk. XV, 8; XVII, 12; Tim. II, II, 20
sumaize - Gen, pl, masc - Tim. I, V, 24; Tim. II, II, 18
sumaim - Dat, pl, masc - Luk. XVIII, 9; Cor. II, II, 16; Tim. I, I, 3
sumans - Acc, pl, masc - Mrk. VII, 2; XII, 5; Rom. XI, 14; Cor. I, IX, 22; Cor. II, X, 2; Ephes. IV, 11; Thessall. II, III, 11
sumsuh = sums + -uh (vid -uh part) - Cor. I, VII, 7
sumuþ-þan = sum + -uh (vid -uh part) + þan (vid þan adv) - Rom. IX, 21; Tim. II, II, 20
sumzuþ-þan = sums + -uh (vid -uh part) + þan (vid þan adv) - Cor. I, XI, 21
sumammuh = sumamma + -uh (vid -uh part) - Cor. I, XII, 10
sumaih = sumai + -uh (vid -uh part) - Mrk. VIII, 28; Jhn. VII, 12; VII, 41; VII, 44; IX, 9; IX, 16; X, 21; XII, 29
sumaimuþ-þan = sumaim + -uh (vid -uh part) + þan (vid þan adv) - Cor. II, II, 16
sumaiþ-þan = sumaim + -uh (vid -uh part) + þan (vid þan adv) - Matth. XXVI, 67; Jhn. XI, 46; Cor. I, XV, 6
sumaiuþ-þan = sumai + -uh (vid -uh part) + þan (vid þan adv) - Luk. IX, 8
sumaizeh = sumaize + -uh (vid -uh part) - Tim. I, V, 24
sumansuþ-þan = sumans + -uh (vid -uh part) + þan (vid þan adv) - Ephes. IV, 11
sumanzuh = sumans + -uh (vid -uh part) - Mrk. XII, 5
sumanzuþ-þan = sumans + -uh (vid -uh part) + þan (vid þan adv) - Ephes. IV, 11
sumanuh = suman + -uh (vid -uh part) - Skeirns. VI, 6

3.4. Indefinite pronouns

A number of lexical units were used in Gothic to function as indef pron-s:

(a) Pronouns ƕas, ƕa, ƕo, along with the function of inter pron-s, could also perform that of indef pron-s and were used in the sense of (somebody; something) (esp after the cj jabai (if)).

(b) In the sense of (somebody; some; something) were also used sums (masc); sum, sumata (neut), suma (fem), declined like strong adjectives.

(c) pron ƕas, combined with the part -uh formed indef pron (each, every): ƕazuh (masc); ƕah (neut); ƕoh (fem).

singular number
masculine neuter feminine
nominative ƕazuh ƕah ƕo
genitive ƕizuh ƕizuh -
dative ƕammeh ƕammeh -
accusative ƕanoh ƕah ƕoh

Instrumental case-form ƕeh has the meaning how; somehow, anyhow. In pl, there is attested only masc, Acc ƕanzuh.

(d) The sense of every; each was also expressed by the combination of pron ƕarjis (who; which) with the part -uh. Only sing forms were used; while the fem paradigm has only one surviving case-form: Acc ƕarjoh.

singular number
masculine neuter feminine
nominative ƕarjizuh ƕarjatoh -
genitive ƕarjizuh ƕarjizuh -
dative ƕarjammeh ƕarjammeh -
accusative ƕarjanoh ƕarjatoh ƕarjoh

(e) Various other combinations of pronouns, such as ƕazuh-saei, sa-ƕazuh saei were also used in the sense of every, each. izei could occur instead of saei.

(f) In Gothic the sense of indef pron nobody, no-one is expressed by means of various combinations, such as ni mannahun, ni ƕashun, ni ainshun, etc.

The indef pron ni ƕashun is attested only in the form of masc sing Nom. In the combination ni mannahun, only the component manna- is declined; besides sing Nom, there are also attested Gen form ni manshun, Dat form ni mannhun and Acc form ni mannanhun. In the combination ni ainshun only the elemet ains- undergoes declension.

singular number
masculine neuter feminine
nominative ainshun ainhun ainohun
genitive ainishun ainishun -
dative ainummehun ainummehun ainaihun
accusative ainohun ainhun ainohun